Patient Services: Chlamydia
Chlamydia is an infection caused by a kind of bacteria that is passed from person to person during sexual contact. It is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in the United States; about three million American women and men become infected with Chlamydia every year. It is especially common among women and men under 25.
In women, Chlamydia typically infects the cervix and can spread to the urethra, fallopian tubes and ovaries. Chlamydia can cause bladder infections and serious pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy and sterility.
In men, Chlamydia infects the urethra and may spread to the testicles, causing epididymitis, which can cause sterility.
Chlamydia may also infect the eye or throat in both men and women.
75 percent of women and 50 percent of men have no symptoms, but common symptoms include:
- Discharge from the penis or vagina
- Pain or burning while urinating and/or frequent urination
- Excessive vaginal bleeding or painful intercourse for women
- Spotting between periods or after intercourse.
- Abdominal pain, nausea or fever
- Inflammation of the rectum, cervix or urinary opening
- Swelling or pain in the testicles
- Symptoms will appear in five to 21 days
Testing and Treatment
Testing and treatment for Chlamydia are available at all PPIN health center locations.
- Testing: A diagnosis of Chlamydia is determined by a lab test of a sample of secretion from the vagina or penis or through a urine test.
- Treatment: Antibiotics are typically used for treatment. All partners must be treated.
Reduce your risk: practice safer sex!